United States

Echinocereus bonkerae, USA, Arizona, Gila County

Echinocereus bonkerae, USA, Arizona, Gila County

Echinocereus bonkerae J.J. THORNBER & F. BONKER
The Fantastic Clan: 71 – 73, 85 (1932)

Locus typus
USA, Arizona, Pinal County, Sta. Catalina Mts., südliches Oracle

Synonyme
Echinocereus fendleri var. bonkerae
Echinocereus boyce-thompsonii var. bonkerae
Echinocereus fasciculatus var. bonkerae
Echinocereus fasciculatus subsp. bonkerae

Etymologie
Echinocereus = Igelsäulenkaktus
bonkerae = benannt nach Frances Bonker

Originaltext der Erstbeschreibung (Auszug)
It differs from all other species of its kind in that all the spines are very short, and its fruit is sweet and more nearly the size of a strawberry than any of the others; also the spines do not suggest the Hedgehog Cactus, so that the common name of Short Spined Strawberry Cactus Is given to Bonkerae, as more nearly resembling a strawberry in its fruit than any other of the Strawberry Cactus clan. The juicy, luscious berries, less than an inch long, are delicious as jam or served cold with cream; they are always the first to appear in the spring. Often but two inches tall, sometimes reaching six or eight inches, this little Strawberry Cactus grows In clumps of two or three to ten stems which are densely ridged and tubercled. The flowers, nearly three inches long and about the same in width, are a deep rose-purple, and appear in April, the first of the purple-flowered species to bloom. It is easily recognized by Its many ridges and very short spines, all less than a half-inch long, which are whitish or yellowish when young and reddish brown when mature, and by its bright purple blossoms, borne well up on the stems, which open in the forenoon and close in late afternoon, lasting for several days. Under cultivation the larger plants grow as much as three inches in a season.

Morphologische Merkmale (eigene Untersuchungen)
Pflanzenkörper kurzzylindrisch bis ssäulig, gruppenbildend, Triebhöhe bis 25 cm, Triebdurchmesser bis 7 cm. Epidermis grün. Rippenzahl 16-21. Wurzeln faserig verzweigt. Areolen rund bis oval. Randdornen 10 bis 15. Mitteldornen 1-4. Blüte trichterförmig, violett bis dunkelviolett, bis 8 cm lang, bis 9 cm im Durchmesser. Frucht oval bis rund, grünbräunlich bis rosarot. Fruchtfleisch weiß, Samen schwarz.

Standort
USA, Arizona, Gila County in 1100 bis 1200 m Höhe im geröllartigen Gelände. pH Wert: 5,5. Blütezeit am Standort: April, Blütezeit in Kultur: April.

Echinocereus bonkerae, USA, Arizona, Gila County

Begleitvegetation
Agave spec., Cylindropuntia spec., Ferocactus wislizeni, Opuntia spec.

Feldnummern
BW089a, Wolfgang Blum
BW139, Wolfgang Blum
BW2058, Wolfgang Blum
BW2059, Wolfgang Blum
BW329, Wolfgang Blum
DFM0013, Dieter Felix
DFM0053, Dieter Felix
DFM0090, Dieter Felix
DFM0091, Dieter Felix
DFM0268, Dieter Felix
DFM0269, Dieter Felix
DFM0294, Dieter Felix
DFM0297, Dieter Felix
DFM0349, Dieter Felix
DFM0405, Dieter Felix
DFM0420, Dieter Felix
DFM0421, Dieter Felix
DFM0542, Dieter Felix
DFM0546, Dieter Felix
DFM0548, Dieter Felix
DFM0549, Dieter Felix
DFM0584, Dieter Felix
DFM0762, Dieter Felix
DFM0855, Dieter Felix
DFM1371, Dieter Felix
GL535, Gary Loos
HK1515, Horst Kuenzler HK
HN1, Hildegard Nase
LZ130, Eberhard Lutz
LZ677, Eberhard Lutz
PF4883, Pierre Fischer
RP071, Ralph Peters
RS0833, Roman Stanik
SB0521, Steven Brack
SB0522, Steven Brack

Herbarbelege Privatherbarium Martina & Andreas Ohr (HMAO)
HMAO-002-0367, Privatherbarium Martina & Andreas Ohr
HMAO-002-0368, Privatherbarium Martina & Andreas Ohr
HMAO-002-0369, Privatherbarium Martina & Andreas Ohr
HMAO-003-0212, Privatherbarium Martina & Andreas Ohr
HMAO-003-0213, Privatherbarium Martina & Andreas Ohr

Herbarbelege Universitäten
ARIZ108448, University of Arizona Herbarium
ARIZ156240, University of Arizona Herbarium
ARIZ366718, University of Arizona Herbarium
ARIZ366719, University of Arizona Herbarium
ARIZ366720, University of Arizona Herbarium
ARIZ366721, University of Arizona Herbarium
ARIZ366722, University of Arizona Herbarium
ARIZ367399, University of Arizona Herbarium
ARIZ415110, University of Arizona Herbarium
ARIZ415136, University of Arizona Herbarium
ARIZ83729, University of Arizona Herbarium
ARIZ97614, University of Arizona Herbarium
ARIZ97615, University of Arizona Herbarium
ARIZ97616, University of Arizona Herbarium
ARIZ-BOT0005836, University of Arizona Herbarium
ASC100121, Deaver Herbarium (Northern Arizona University)
ASC66511, Deaver Herbarium (Northern Arizona University)
ASC89184, Deaver Herbarium (Northern Arizona University)
ASU0076316, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076317, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076318, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076319, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076320, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076321, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076322, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076323, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076324, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076325, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076326, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076327, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076328, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076329, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076330, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076350, Aizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076351, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076352, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076353, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076354, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076355, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076356, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076357, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076358, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076359, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076360, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076361, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076362, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076363, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076364, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076365, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076366, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076367, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076368, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076369, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076370, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076371, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076372, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076373, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076374, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076375, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076376, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076377, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076378, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076379, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076380, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076381, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076382, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076583, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076584, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076585, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076586, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076587, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076588, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0076640, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0078809, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0078811, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
ASU0078824, Arizona State University Vascular Plant Herbarium
DES00000235, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00000274, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00023915, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00027206, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00028731, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00028732, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00028733, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00028734, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00028735, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00028736, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00028737, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00028738, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00028739, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00028740, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00028741, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00028745, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00028900, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00028901, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00028902, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00028903, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00030715, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00032245, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00033458, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00033658, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00033660, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00037292, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00040064, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00042610, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00043693, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00046042, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00046135, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00046312, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00046313, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00049027, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00049636, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00050273, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00050468, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00051021, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00054499, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00056023, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00056047, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00059351, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00059757, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00060717, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00061682, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00070945, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00070948, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00074794, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
DES00076269, Desert Botanical Garden Herbarium Collection
HNT49443, Huntington Botanical Gardens Herbarium
HNT76992, Huntington Botanical Gardens Herbarium
52491.000, Royal Botanic Gardens Kew
US00171662, United States National Herbarium
US00171876, United States National Herbarium
US00171900, United States National Herbarium
US00171904, United States National Herbarium

Empfehlenswerte Literatur
THORNBER, J.J. & BONKER, F. (1932): The fantastic Clan

Standortbilder

Echinocereus bonkerae, USA, Arizona, Gila County

Echinocereus bonkerae, USA, Arizona, Gila County

Echinocereus bonkerae, USA, Arizona, Gila County

Echinocereus bonkerae, USA, Arizona, Gila County

Echinocereus bonkerae, USA, Arizona, Gila County

Echinocereus bonkerae, USA, Arizona, Gila County

Echinocereus bonkerae, USA, Arizona, Gila County

Echinocereus bonkerae, USA, Arizona, Gila County

Echinocereus bonkerae, USA, Arizona, Gila County

Echinocereus bonkerae, USA, Arizona, Gila County

Echinocereus bonkerae, USA, Arizona, Gila County

Echinocereus bonkerae, USA, Arizona, Gila County

Echinocereus bonkerae, USA, Arizona, Gila County

Echinocereus bonkerae, USA, Arizona, Gila County

Echinocereus bonkerae, USA, Arizona, Gila County

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